Howdy howdy peeps!
Sorry it’s been so long. I’m going to be straight with you guys and ladies. I forgot I had a Tumblr. I know, I know, my bad big time. So I’ll apologise. Sorry friends. Sincerely.
Anyway, on to today’s topic - Sugar.
Let’s get this straight. Sugar is bad for you. I used to believe that eating too much makes you fat. But now I truly believe it is sugar that is the primary cause of fat and weight gain and other nasties.
According to the law of thermodynamics, if you eat more than the amount of energy than expend you’ll store it as fat and vice-versa. BUT, that only applies if every calorie or kilojoule you eat is used by the body in the same way. The body doesn’t use every calorie you eat in the same way.
I’m going to get a bit technical here. So bear with me a little.
Today, people are heavier than they have been in history. BUT people are eating less fat as a population. If foods have less fat, they generally have less taste. So food companies improve the taste by adding sugar and specifically HFCS (High Fructose Corn Syrup - found in a lot of lollies, sweets even low fat dairy products and juice). So in turn Heart disease and liver disease has gone up, especially in younger generations.
I can hear people asking why does sugar make you fat. There’s no fat in sugar. You’re right. There is no fat in sugar BUT sugar does turn into fat. I’ll elaborate.
Table Sugar= Sucrose. Glucose+Fructose=Sucrose.
HFCS(High Fructose Corn Syrup)= Glucose+Fructose.
A lot of companies talk about High Fructose Corn Syrup as no different from table sugar. They are not lying to you. But the problem is not to do with what we’re eating. It is the quantity. We’re just eating way too much of the stuff. It’s everywhere.
People also say that Fructose can’t be that bad. Fructose is fruit sugar. They’re absolutely right. But again the problem is quantity.
From fruits and vegetables and other natural sources you get about 15g/day. Today’s adolescences get about 73g/day! That’s about 12% of your total energy intake from just sugar and that’s almost 5 times the amount from natural sources!
Anyway back to my other point. If a calorie is just a calorie (or kilojoule is just a kilojoule) then we have to expect that they work the same way in the body. They don’t.
If you have 120 calories of glucose. 80% (96 calories) is used up by organs, muscles, cells and the body to keep you alive. the other 20% (24 calories) is stored in the liver. (By the by 120 calories is roughly 2 slices of white bread). Anyway I digress. The 24 calories that goes to the liver, some of it is turned into Glycogen which is stored energy. The rest of it (I am going to really simplify this) gets turned into bad cholesterol (VLDL.) These cause all sorts of problems like heart disease and fatty liver disease. But anyway from the initial 120 calories of glucose, only about 0.5 calories gets turned into VLDL. Not that much and not that bad. But let’s talk about sucrose and HFCS.
If you have 120 calories of sucrose (a glass of juice and remember sucrose=glucose+fructose) you have 60 calories of glucose and 60 calories of fructose. 80% of glucose (48 calories) goes to the muscles, organs and body. 20% (12 calories go the liver. But with the 60 calories of fructose 0% goes to the body. So 60 calories of fructose goes straight to the liver! So let’s look at the total load on the liver: 12+60=72 calories. That’s about 3 times more than glucose alone! With more load on the liver, you guessed it, more VLDL produced and in turn more fat. But there’s more there’s a by product from breaking down the fructose. The by product is uric acid. This uric acid lowers nitric acid (N02) production (it helps dilate arteries) results in an increase in blood pressure (BP)! But don’t think I’m done there. There’s another side effect. Another by product is Xylulose. This increases a production of fat storing enzymes. And you guessed it again gents and ladies…that sucks cause you store more of that fat you produced.
So you can see how differently sucrose acts in the body when compared to glucose alone.
However, I’ve still got a little more to say. In the liver with fructose you get a LIPID droplet. That lipid droplet is going to make your liver more fatty (Liver disease starting to sound a little scarier). You also get a production of Free Fatty Acids (FFA) which goes to your muscles and make your muscles insulin resistant. This then makes your insulin levels stay high. Insulin is a hormone that stores fat. That really sucks. You also get an enzyme called Jnk 1. This becomes present in the liver which then makes your liver insulin resistant too. Again higher insulin = higher fat storage. Also, because there is so much insulin being produced the brain can’t register the production of Leptin which means that the body never feels full! That really, really sucks. And what does the body crave when it’s hungry? More sugar! So there begins a deadly cycle. And all that from a glass of juice! Imagine smacking a bag of starburst or even natural confectionery company jellies. That just spells the recipe for: heart disease, fatty liver disease, obesity, insulin resistance, and perpetual hunger. Now instead of sucking. That’s a terrible swear word that I don’t want to use right now but begins with the letter f.
So the main point I really want to make is a calorie is not a calorie in the body. They are different. Fructose is the devil.
Anyway if that all went over your head. I really encourage you to watch this video. It’s a long video, but it’ll really convince you that sugar is not that great. It’s called “Sugar - the bitter truth.”
Sorry for making this blog so long. I’ll leave you with this thought. Think twice before you slam that juice. Think thrice before you smack that starburst.